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学位英语阅读中的 30 种关键句型(2)

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  • 学位英语阅读正确率不高?赶紧来康康学位英语阅读中的关键句型吧!

学位英语阅读正确率不高?赶紧来康康学位英语阅读中的关键句型吧!

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11. 由there引起的句型容易产生复杂的句子结构。

There have been opened up to the vast and excellent science,in which my work is the beginning,ways and means by which other minds more accurate than wine will explore its remote corners. 

12.“range from…to…”结构。这是一个常见结构,译时很多情况下应变通处 理,不能完全依靠辞典上的释义。

Computer applications range from an assembly line completely run by computers to a children toy responding to remote signals.

13.“the way…”结构

I always thought she was a common-sense person who discussed things the way they ought to be discussed.

14. 复杂宾补结构

In recent years,the development of sensitive and accurate measuring equipment has made it possible to measure the acuity of hearing of any individual at different frequencies.

15. 某些分隔结构

1) 动词短语相关部分被分隔(当“make use of”,“take notice of”,“pay attention to”, 等动词短语变成被动语态时)。

Use is made of solar energy in heating houses.

2)双重定语引起的分隔。

 But there is of culture another view,in which not solely the scientific passion,the sheer desire to see things as they are,natural and proper in an intelligent being,appears as the ground of it.

16. “to be doing…when…”是一个句型,多译为“某人正在做……时,突然……”。 在简单的句子中容易看出,一旦句子变得复杂一些,可能就不太容易识别这种句型。

She said she and a friend had gone out to dinner that night,and were walking home together at about 10 o“clock,when a”very big,very tall man“,accosted them and demanded their purses.

17. “so much that…”句型

But he developed gradually a very musical English. He learnt to write sentences that fall away on the ear with a misty languor and it delighted him so much that he could never have enough of it.

18. “when”引导状语从句有时并不好译,不能一看到when从句就考虑译为 “当……的时候”,它还有许多种译法。

 Anything is better than not to write clearly. There is nothing to be said against lucidity,and against simplicity only the possibility of dryness. This is a risk that is well worth taking when you reflect how much better it is to be bold than to wear a curly wig.

19. “not…because…”,有时可否定前面,有时可否定because本身,往往出 现歧义。应根据上下文面判定。

In 1600 the earth was not the center of the universe because the majority then supposed it was;nor,because she had more readers,was Ella wheeler Wilcox a better poet than Father Hopkins.

 

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