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湖北成考专升本英语词汇知识梳理之动词(四)

来源:湖北专升本网 浏览次数:0 发布时间:2023-01-12 14:57
  • 动词有多种形态,今天我们来了解的是现在进行时和过去进行时。

动词有多种形态,今天我们来了解的是现在进行时和过去进行时

现在进行时和过去进行时

一、现在进行时

现在进行时主要表示现在或现阶段正在进行的动作。可与now, at present, at this moment, these days等时间状语连用。

现在进行时的谓语形式:am / is / are +现在分词。

What are you doing, Jack? We're trying to plan our future.

The train is now rapidly approaching the city.(approach 接近)

Life is changing all the time. The woman who is standing here is my mother.

动词go, come, leave, stay, arrive, die 等用于进行时态中,可以表示将要进行的动作。

The bus is leaving, please hurry up. It's going to rain. Don't forget to take the umbrella.

My uncle is coming to see us this weekend.

The boy is leaving for Beijing tomorrow.(leave for 动身)

1. Health experts in many countries still ________ their ideas about the relationships between our food and our health.

A. have tested B. tested C. are testing D. test

still(仍旧)一般用于进行时。 still一般放在系动词后面,实义动词前面。 答案 C

2. What is this noise? Tell me what _______ here. A. went on B. goes on C. is going on D. will go on 答案 C

二、过去进行时

过去进行时主要表示过去某个时刻或一段时间内正在进行的动作。

过去进行时的谓语形式:was / were + 现在分词。

My son was practicing the piano this time yesterday evening.

When I called him, he was having his breakfast.

While we were having a meeting, Mary came in and told us the terrible news.

I was leaving the room when the telephone rang.

1. James has just arrived, but I didn't know he _____ until yesterday.

A. will come B. was coming C. had been coming D. comes

现在完成时表明的是过去的动作对现在的影响或持续到现在。

had been过去完成时,表示过去的过去。 was coming用过去进行时表示将要的动作。答案 B

2. “What were you doing when Anna phoned you?”

“I had just finished my work and _______ to take a bath.'

A. starting B. to start C. have started D. was starting

what were you doing提问的是过去进行时。 答案 D

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